This question may seem to apply only in societies where there is a caste system, like the one the Buddha lived in – but that is not true. This is because at its root is the human tendency to compare ourselves with other people. Are they superior, inferior or equal to us? We may not even be conscious that we are judging; for this tendency is a manifestation of our deep-rooted defilements. What does this mean if a society hopes to be truly progressive? What did the Buddha teach us about comparing with other people? Who, did he say, is an outcast?